Whether you are presenting orally,
visually, through a poster, a performance, or a display keep
these tips in mind:
- Establish early a clear and unifying point that you want
- Explain the applicability of your research.
- When presenting your information, be sensitive to those
outside your discipline.
- Make sure to include or discuss the following sections,
if applicable: Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results,
Discussion, Conclusion, References, and Acknowledgements.
- Make sure that your presentation material is readable,
grammatically correct, and has been proofread thoroughly.
- Always acknowledge your sponsors and mentors. Also provide
credit for text, graphs, etc.
- Cite sources to support your ideas and provide credibility
to your findings.
- Be proud of your work, but acknowledge errors. Explain
unexpected results and any future research that might be
- Present to friends and family and invite their feedback.
Ask them about what they learned to see if you were successful
in getting your point across.
- Anticipate possible questions and how you might respond.
- Bring a pen and pad of paper for notes and to record names
and addresses of contacts.
- Always be truthful in presenting your information, and
respect your audience.
In addition to the traditional oral presentations, we also
encourage performing/visual arts presentations. This includes
music, dance, theater, drawing, painting, photography, sculpture,
video, etc. Performing and visual arts presenters can request
a dance or drama space, a multimedia player, and/or a piano
for their presentation in the Presentation & Abstract
A faculty moderator will be keeping track of your presentation
time and may also facilitate the discussion. A student volunteer
will be assigned to each room, as well, to assist you, other
presenters, and the faculty moderator.
Please assume that all equipment requested in your application
will be provided, unless we contact you to ask that you bring
your presentation on a different medium.
In addition to grouping presentations by subject of research,
we have also grouped them by equipment requests. If you are
doing a PowerPoint presentation, it is recommended that you
also bring transparencies of your presentation in case there
is a technical problem.
Prepare your visual aids well in advance and make sure they
are clear. Use visual aids where appropriate in oral presentations
because many people learn better visually, especially if they
are not familiar with the subject. Also, people remember more
of what they read than what they hear.
to a minimum on slides, transparencies and other visual aids;
make sure they are readable from the back of the
room. Words should be large enough to read from several feet
away, but don’t use all caps. Avoid using light colors
for words, such as yellow or orange. The size of the typeface
should be at least 12 point.
Number your visual aids so you always know the order in case
they get dropped or misplaced.
are using PowerPoint, slides or transparencies in your presentation,
don’t linger on one image for more than
five minutes. After presenting the image, eliminate or block
the projection source so that the audience will focus back
on your talk.
If you are using a 35mm slide projector for your presentation,
please come to the room in which you are to present a few minutes
before the start of your session to load your slides into the
Consider your purpose in distributing handouts because they
might distract your audience. Give handouts prior to or during
your presentation only if they are necessary for clarity during
your talk. Otherwise, provide handouts at the end.
When presenting statistical data, make the significance of
it clear. In presenting equations, always define your constants
and independent and dependent variables. Your discussion should
focus on the relationship between the variables.
audience—don’t talk to your screen or
note cards. Reiterate major points at the end to conclude.
The Art of Speaking
an outline of your speech to help you organize the ideas.
Write notes for your presentation as you would normally
talk—not too formal, but not casual either.
don’t have to memorize your speech; make note
cards as guides (number the cards just in case they get mixed
- Make eye contact with your audience.
- Speak slowly and project your voice.
- Use the podium and pointer as needed.
Types of Visual Aids
- 35mm slides
- overhead transparencies
- computer projections
- enlarged charts or figures and posters
- actual objects for display
If you are displaying a poster, you will find
out during registration the specific location in the UC Irvine
Student Center where you may exhibit your poster. Your poster
will be displayed on an easel that will be set up against the
walls on the bottom and second floors of the Student Center
(you can request a table instead if that better suits your
posters will be shown throughout the day. Please do not remove
your poster until the end of the day’s
activities. You will need to be present next to your poster
during your assigned poster session to explain and answer questions
about your research.
presentations must be on 3’ or
4’ (height) by 4’ (width) poster board. Presentations
should be prepared on poster board in advance. If this is not
possible because of difficulty transporting your poster board,
poster board can be requested for the day of the conference.
Please note that we are providing only 3’ (height) by
4’(width) sized poster board. Pushpins, glue, and other
materials needed to assemble the poster board will be provided
(a room for poster assembly will also be available).
on a poster is limited, so pick wisely what to present. Your
display should be self-explanatory and
have a logical flow—others should be able to follow the
order even if you are not present. Start with a rough draft
of your design on paper, using graph paper or even post-it
notes to simulate sections.
Place your title at the top of the poster
and make sure that the text is large (usually at least 2 inches
in height) and clear. Include your name and major, and the
name of your faculty mentor and his/her department name, the
name of your school and the names of other co-authors. Incorporate
appropriate graphics in your poster. Label or describe any
charts, tables, figures, graphs, or photos that you use. Make
sure all edges line up evenly. Edit, review, and spell check
all the elements of your poster display. Be sure to firmly
attach all materials to your poster board (spray adhesive,
found in art supply stores, works best).
the poster session, stand to the side of your display so
that you don’t block it. Prepare and
practice a five-minute summary speech about your project. This
time is an excellent networking possibility so it is important
to speak and interact professionally. You will also receive
lots of feedback and exposure as well.
Elements of Style
use more than two fonts. Instead use bold, italic and font
size to set type differently. Times New Roman,
Arial, and Garamond are suggested typefaces.
- Stick to a color scheme (try a couple that complement or
contrast with each other such as black or navy on white).
Try mounting text and figures on colored paper, or using
some colored font.
- Be consistent
with your white space between sections of text, figures
and headings; white space should be ample so
the poster doesn’t look crammed.
Poster Typeface Sizes
- Titles should be at least 2 inches high.
- The body type for the main sections should be at least
18 point if possible.
should be large enough to read from several feet away,
but don’t use all caps.